Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is considered the holiest month by Muslims. Muslims believe that Allah first revealed the Qur’an to the Prophet Muhammad during the month of Ramadan. The Qur’an is the sacred book of Islam.
Islam follows the lunar calendar which means each month begins with the sighting of a new moon. Lunar calendar months are shorter than solar months used elsewhere and as such the first day of Ramadan is 11 days earlier each year. This year Ramadan runs from 18 June to 17 July.
During Ramadan, Muslims will fast during daylight hours. Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam which are an essential part of Muslim life. Fasting lasts from sunrise to sunset so in Britain when Ramadan is in the winter, the fasting day is relatively short, compared to in the summer when days are much longer.